War with Russia

Again Korea served as a steppingstone to war. Russian influence was growing fast in that country, and combined with Russian control of Port Arthur and the Liaotung Peninsula, Japan's trading areas were severely threatened. An alliance with Great Britain supplied Japan with the security she needed to attack the expanding Russian outposts. When the Russians demanded a neutral zone in Korea to begin north of the thirty-ninth parallel and insisted upon complete control of trade and resources in South Manchuria, Japan responded by discontinuing diplomatic procedures. Moving her navy into the coastal area without warning, she attacked a portion of the Russian fleet at Port Arthur. Japan declared war the next day. The war was short, dramatic and conclusive. Because Russia was much larger and was considered a far more powerful country than Japan, world opinion considered the Japanese the "underdog", and most of the world sided with her. The Japanese army fought courageously, even brilliantly, winning one campaign after an- other against the dogged Russian army. In the United States, President Theodore Roosevelt did not hesitate to express his admiration for the courage of the Japanese. The war was over in eighteen months. Fast running out of both trained soldiers and money, Japan suggested to the US President that a peaceful settlement of the conflict be proposed. The treaty was signed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. While Russia was defeated, Japan in turn was
economically exhausted.

Main Page
The New Japan
Trains Run on Time
Industrial Beginnings
Satsuma Rebellion
First Industrial Fair

Dancing and Diplomacy
The First Constitution
War with China
War with Russia
The New Face of Tokyo
Toward the Future